District Profile


NTR District was newly proposed district is named as NTR District as a mark of respect and recognition of the of the stellar contribution of Sri Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao Garu, who officiated for 3 times as a Chief Minister of Combined Andhra Pradesh. NTR District with its district head quarters at Vijayawada formerly called as Bezawada.

The District is divided into 20 Mandals covering 3 Revenue Divisions viz., 1.Vijayawda 2. Nandigama 3. Tiruvuru. The District is naturally Upland Zone. The upland consists of an undulating broken by low ranges of Eastern Ghats. (The main sources of Irrigation in upland are tanks. It is being benefited by the water of Nargarjuna Sagar also The delta land is being irrigated by canals of river Krishna.

The population of the District is 2218591 comprising of 305 inhabited and 16 uninhabited villages. There are 4 Municipalities viz., 1. Tiruvuru 2. Nandigama 3. Jaggayyapeta 4. Ibrahimpatnam and one Municipal Corporation in Vijayawada.



16° 86’ N and 17° 14’ N


15° 71’ E and 16° 47’ of E


3316 Sq. Kms



Eluru district


Guntur and Nalgonda districts


Khammam district




Krishna River

The famous river Krishna is flowing in this district. Part of upland mandals as well as the delta Mandals is now having the facility of utilising the Krishna river water for irrigation purpose. Krishna being a great and sacred river of South Indian like Godavari and Cauvery flows almost across the peninsula from West to East and finally joins the sea by two principal mouths. Among the other streams and tributaries Muniyeru, Budameru and Tammileru are significant.


Krishna 1 River

Muniyeru is the chief tributary of the river Krishna and it flows from North to South across erstwhile Jaggaiahpeta and Nandigama taluks. This is an additional irrigation source available in this district. The Budameru is another hill streams which flows through several mandals viz., Mylavaram, G.Konduru, Unguturu, Vijayawada, and finally falls into Kolleru Lake. Agriculturally, the importance of the above sources is more as they not only feed minor irrigation tanks but also provide for lift irrigation sources and ground water potential.




Rainfall Climate

Tropical Climate conditions with extreme hot summer and cold winter prevail in this district. April to June is the hottest months with high temperature in May. The monsoon usually breaks in the middle of June and brings good rains up to middle of October. The normal rainfall of this district is 1035.1 M.M, 2/3 rds of which is received through the South West monsoon. The average rainfall recorded during the 2019-20 it is 761.00 M.M.





Three types of soils viz., 1. Black soil which constitute 57.6% of the villages 2. Sandy Clay-loams with 22.3% and 3. Red loamy with 19.4% of the villages are prevalent in this district, while a small sandy soils constitute 0.7% fringes on the sea coast.






Endowed with a rich variety of soils, the district occupies an important place in Agriculture which is the most important occupation and paddy is the main food crop produced. While 2019-20 the gross cropped area of the district was 2.15 Lakh Hects of which gross irrigated area was 1.08 lakh Hects.





Communications & Transport

The District is well served by Roads and Railways. 321 villages (including some of the major hamlets) have been connected with transport facilities of which 321 villages are connected by R.T.C. Vijayawada city situated at the head of the chief commercial centre of this district and also there is an important railway junction being connected to Delhi, Calcutta, Madras, Hubli, Gudivada and Machilipatnam. It has an Aerodrome at Gannavaram about 16 Kms away.





NTR District has recorded a literacy of 74.43 as per 2011 census. This district is much advanced in the field of education. Almost all the villages in the district are having primary schools. NTR Medical University is located at Vijayawada.





Several Minerals like…



Kondapally hills and adjoining areas.






Paritala, Ustepalls, Kodavatikallu, Ramannapet,Uryavaram, Kothapet, Nemalipuram, Mugaluru, Putrela etc..





Ore Iron

Jaggayyapet area.





Stone Lime

Jaggayyapet area.






Tiruvuru area.




In view of the present demand for chromate for Visakhapatnam Steel Plant, it may be worthwhile to carry out detailed exploration to assess the grade and reserves.

As regards diamonds, detailed exploration of diamond ferrous gravels of Paritala and other areas is taken up by Geological Survey of India to assess the potentiality of the deposits.

Most of the iron ore from Jaggayapeta area has already been mined and exported and the mining industry was closed down.